Amo 1:1 The words of Amos, who was among the herdmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.This message was given to Amos, who was a shepherd from the town of Tekoa (a place in Palestine five miles from Bethlehem and ten miles form Jerusalem). Amos received this message in a vision from the Lord two years before the earthquake (Zechariah 14:5), when Uzziah was the king of Judah and Jeroboam II, the son of Jehoash was king of Israel. (II Kings 14:23-29), Israel being the subject of the book.
Amo 1:2 And he said, The LORD will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the habitations of the shepherds shall mourn, and the top of Carmel shall wither.This was his vision. The Lord's voice will roar (rumbling thunder), from Zion (a mountain of Jerusalem), and thunder from Jerusalem! "The lush pastors of the shepherds will dry up, and the grass on Mount Carmel (a hill and town of Palestine), will wither and die."
Amo 1:3 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron.The Lord says; "The people of Damascus have sinned again and again, and I will not let them go unpunished." (Isaiah 17:1), They beat My people in Gilead down just like grain is threshed with iron sledges. (Gilead is a region east of the Jordan).
Amo 1:4 But I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, which shall devour the palaces of Benhadad.I will send fire of King Hazael's (fortresses), and King Benhadad's (official title of the Syrian kings, son of Hadad, i.e. the sun-god), will be destroyed. (Jeremiah 17:27, 49:27, 50:32, Hosea 8:14).
Amo 1:5 I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the plain of Aven, and him that holdeth the sceptre from the house of Eden: and the people of Syria shall go into captivity unto Kir, saith the LORD.I will break down the gates (for defense of the city) of Damascus, and will slaughter the people in the valley of Aven. (The same as Beth-aven, east of Betl-el, belonging to Benjamin). (Hosea 4:15), (Beth-aven means House of naught), (Hosea 10:5). I will destroy Eden (Beth-eden), and the people of Syria (Aram), will go as captives to Kir (II Kings 16:9), says the Lord.
Amo 1:6 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Gaza, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they carried away captive the whole captivity, to deliver them up to Edom.This is what the Lord says: The people of Gaza have sinned again and again, and they will be punished! They sent whole villages into exile, selling them as slaves to Edom. (Jeremiah 13:19).
Amo 1:7 But I will send a fire on the wall of Gaza, which shall devour the palaces thereof.I will send fire down on the whole city of Gaza. (Hebrews 12:29), God is a consuming fire that will warm the hearts of those who love Him, but will take vengeance on those who do not know Him and follow Satan. (II Thessalonians 1:8).
Amo 1:8 And I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod, and him that holdeth the sceptre from Ashkelon, and I will turn mine hand against Ekron: and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish, saith the Lord GOD.I will slaughter the people of Ashdod (later know by the Greeks as Azotus, now Esdud, in the plain of Philistia, 35 miles north of Gaza) and destroy the king of Ashkelon. (now Askalan, on the coast of Philistia). Ekron (Accron), six miles west of Gezer. (Isaiah 20:1, Jeremiah 47:5, Zephaniah 2:4-7).
Amo 1:9 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Tyrus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they delivered up the whole captivity to Edom, and remembered not the brotherly covenant.The Lord says: The people of Tyrus (Tyre, now e.g. Sur), have sinned again and again also, and will not go unpunished! (Isaiah 23:1-18, Jeremiah 47:4, Ezekiel 26:28, Joel 3:4-5). They broke their treaty of brotherhood (a covenant of brethren) with Israel, selling the whole villages as slaves to Edom. (II Samuel 5:11, I Kings 5:1-11, 9:11-14).
Amo 1:10 But I will send a fire on the wall of Tyrus, which shall devour the palaces thereof.A consuming fire sent down to destroy Tyre and all its fortresses. (Amos 1:4, Zechariah 9:4).
Amo 1:11 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Edom, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because he did pursue his brother with the sword, and did cast off all pity, and his anger did tear perpetually, and he kept his wrath for ever.The Lord says: The people of Edom have sinned again and again, and will not go unpunished! They chase their brother the Israelites with swords, showing them no mercy. They slashed them continually in their anger. (Ezekiel 25:12-14, Malachi 1:4).
Amo 1:12 But I will send a fire upon Teman, which shall devour the palaces of Bozrah.I will send down fire on Teman. (Jeremiah 49:7, 20, Obadiah 1:9-10). I will destroy the fortresses of Bozrah. (Jeremiah 49:13).
Amo 1:13 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of the children of Ammon, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have ripped up the women with child of Gilead, that they might enlarge their border.The Lord says: "The people of Ammon have sinned again and again, and will not go unpunished! (I Samuel 11:1-2), They attacked Gilead to extend their borders, and ripped open pregnant women with their swords. (Hosea 13:16).
Amo 1:14 But I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabbah, and it shall devour the palaces thereof, with shouting in the day of battle, with a tempest in the day of the whirlwind.I will send fire down on the walls of Rabbah and it will be destroyed. (Jeremiah 49:2).
Amo 1:15 And their king shall go into captivity, he and his princes together, saith the LORD.Their king and his princes (his priests), will go into exile together. (Jeremiah 49:3).