Est 1:2 That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace, He ruled his empire from his royal throne at the palace, or fortress (Nehemiah 1:1), of Susa. Shushan: Now, the ruins of Susa, on the river Shapur, east of the Persian Gulf.
Est 1:3 In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him: He brings together for his own purpose a banquet for his nobles, officials, and military officers of Persia and Media, as well as the princes and nobles of the provinces. (This was six years after the destruction of Jerusalem, around 471 B.C.). During this moment of peace and celebration, in the background, King Xerex (Ahasuerus), was preparing his expedition against Greece to expand his empire.
Est 1:4 When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days. The celebration lasted 180 days.
Est 1:5 And when these days were expired, the king made a feast unto all the people that were present in Shushan the palace, both unto great and small, seven days, in the court of the garden of the king's palace; After a six month feast, Ahasuerus gave a banquet for all the people who were in the fortress of Susa. (It lasted seven days).
Est 1:6 Where were white, green, and blue, hangings, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble: the beds were of gold and silver, upon a pavement of red, and blue, and white, and black, marble. The beds: These were couches, covered with gold and silver cloth, on which the guests reclined; for the Orientals do not sit, but recline at their meals.
Est 1:7 And they gave them drink in vessels of gold, (the vessels being diverse one from another,) and royal wine in abundance, according to the state of the king. Quite a party going on here for the people.
Est 1:8 And the drinking was according to the law; none did compel: for so the king had appointed to all the officers of his house, that they should do according to every man's pleasure. None did compel: Every person drank what he pleased. However, Among the Greeks, each guest was obliged to keep the round, or leave the company. (Drink or be gone).
Est 1:9 Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus. Just as Ahasuerus hosted the party for the men, Queen Vashti gave a banquet for the woman in the royal palace.
Est 1:10 On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king. Aerxes was feeling pretty good here after a seven day high on wine and told his attendants to go and get the queen.
Est 1:11 To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal, to shew the people and the princes her beauty: for she was fair to look on. He wanted to show her off to the other men present. (She was a real beauty).
Est 1:12 But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him. The queen Vashti refused to come at his command. Some say that the queen refused because the king sent the servants instead of the nobles. Some say the king wanted her to wear just the crown to show her beauty. Either way, the queen did not want to be humiliated in front of a bunch of drunken men. (This made the king very angry).
Est 1:13 Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so was the king's manner toward all that knew law and judgment: Now the king is going to consult with his advisors about what happened with the queens refusal.
Est 1:14 And the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;). Here comes the seven nobles of Persia and Media. They met with the king on a regular basis and held the highest position in the empire.
Est 1:15 What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to law, because she hath not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains? What does the law say, and what is the penalty for a queen who refused to obey the king's order?
Est 1:16 And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that are in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus. One answered the king, "Queen Vashti not only wronged you, but also the noble and citizen throughout your empire." This reasoning was inconsequent and false. Vashti had not generally disobeyed the king, therefore she could be no precedent for the general conduct of the Persian women. She disobeyed only in one particular; and this, to serve a purpose, Memucan draws into a general consequence, and the rest came into the conclusion, being either too intoxicated to be able to discern right from wrong, or too intent on reducing women to a state of vassalage, to neglect the present favorable opportunity.
Est 1:17 For this deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall despise their husbands in their eyes, when it shall be reported, The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came not. Part of the reasoning was that if the king permitted this, women everywhere will begin to despise their husbands when they learn Queen Vashti refused to appear before the king. (Perhaps they feared the beginning of women's lib). I prefer the Apostle Paul's advice: Nevertheless let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as himself; and the wife see that she reverence her husband. (Ephesians 5:33). A man must love his wife as a part of himself; and the wife should respect and love her husband.
Est 1:18 Likewise shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this day unto all the king's princes, which have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus shall there arise too much contempt and wrath. Ladies = Princesses. Because of what the Queen had done, they will all start to treat their husbands the same way. i.e. Queen Vashti was setting a bad example for all the wives.
Est 1:19 If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it be not altered, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate unto another that is better than she. They wanted the King to issue a written decree (a law of the Persians and Medes that cannot be revoked), to banish the Queen and choose another more worthy than she was. (Daniel 6:8). Let it be inserted among the permanent laws, and be made a part of the constitution of the empire. The Persians seem to have affected such a degree of wisdom in the construction of their laws, that they never could be amended, and should never be repealed; and this formed the ground of the saying, "The laws of the Medes and Persians that change not."
Est 1:20 And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small. When the decree is published, husbands everywhere will receive proper respect from their wives. (Ephesians 5:33, Colossians 3:18). The apostle Peter spoke on this subject: Likewise, ye wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may without the word be won by the conversation of the wives. (1 Peter 3:1). Accept the authority of your husband as head of the house if he is a godly person, but don't listen to a fool. Your godly lives will speak to others without words and they will be won over to the Lord. One should never prevent the other from studying the Word of God. While they behold your chaste conversation coupled with fear. (1 Peter 3:2). They can see your innocence by your pure and reverent lives. Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel. (1 Peter 3:3). Don't be concerned with your outward beauty and dress like a pimp or harlot. (It draws attention in the wrong way). Moderation is the key in your outward appearance. But let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price. (1 Peter 3:4). Clothe yourself with the beauty of the spirit within. This is what is important to God. For after this manner in the old time the holy women also, who trusted in God, adorned themselves, being in subjection unto their own husbands. (1 Peter 3:5). The women of old made themselves beautiful in this way. They trusted God and accepted authority of their husbands. Even as Sara obeyed Abraham, calling him lord: whose daughters ye are, as long as ye do well, and are not afraid with any amazement. (1 Peter 3:6). Do right in the Lord and you don't need to worry about what your husband might do. Don't panic over trivial things that can break up a relationship. Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered. (1 Peter 3:7). Husbands should also give honor to their wives and treat them with understanding. She is your equal partner in God's gift of new life.
Est 1:21 And the saying pleased the king and the princes; and the king did according to the word of Memucan: The king went along with Memucan's counsel.
Est 1:22 For he sent letters into all the king's provinces, into every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that it should be published according to the language of every people. That every man: Both the law of God and common sense taught this from the foundation of the world; and this parade of enactment was only to deprive Queen Vashti of her crown. (Ephesians 5:22-24, 1 Timothy 2:12, Titus 2:4-5).